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Child with a Disability - Educating Children with Disabilities

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Terms and Definitions: Child with a Disability

Under IDEA, a child with a disability is a child with one or more of the following conditions:

  1. Mental retardation;
  2. Hearing impairments (including deafness);
  3. Speech or language impairments;
  4. Visual impairments (including blindness);
  5. Serious emotional disturbance;
  6. Orthopedic impairments;
  7. Autism;
  8. Traumatic brain injury;
  9. Other health impairments; or
  10. Specific learning disabilities.

And in addition, who needs, because of having the condition, special education and related services.

A disability that is protected under section 504 includes a “physical or mental impairment that substantially limits at least one major life activity.” If the disability needs accommodations, the child will receive a section 504 plan.

If a child has a disability under IDEA, it is almost always a disability under section 504, but not necessarily the other way around. Depending on the disability, a child may or may not need accommodations under section 504, or special education and related services.

clickable chart on educating children with disabilities

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