Terms and Definitions: Child with a Disability
Under IDEA, a child with a disability is a child with one or more of the following conditions:
- Mental retardation;
- Hearing impairments (including deafness);
- Speech or language impairments;
- Visual impairments (including blindness);
- Serious emotional disturbance;
- Orthopedic impairments;
- Traumatic brain injury;
- Other health impairments; or
- Specific learning disabilities.
A disability that is protected under section 504 includes a “physical or mental impairment that substantially limits at least one major life activity.” If the disability needs accommodations, the child will receive a section 504 plan.
If a child has a disability under IDEA, it is almost always a disability under section 504, but not necessarily the other way around. Depending on the disability, a child may or may not need accommodations under section 504, or special education and related services.
clickable chart on educating children with disabilities
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