IDEA and Section 504
– IDEA stands for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. It is a law ensuring services to children with disabilities throughout the nation. It governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education, and related services. It applies to the states because they receive educational funds. The federal regulations that interpret the statute also apply. In addition, state statutes apply. In Colorado, the Colorado Exceptional Children's Education Act (ECEA) governs how IDEA is implemented. Also, extensive Colorado regulations implement the ECEA. A plan under IDEA is an IEP.
– 504 refers to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. It guarantees specific rights in federally funded programs and activities to people who qualify as having a disability under that statute. It is enforced by the Office of Civil Rights (OCR). School districts are responsible for implementing Section 504 in public schools. A plan under Section 504 is usually simply called a 504 or a 504 plan.
clickable chart on educating children with disabilities
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